Economy issue badges war-time During both World Wars there was a shortage of manpower and metals. As a result, cheaper badges were produced. For WW1 many pre-war bi-metallic badges were made as single-metal all-brass badges. For WW2, badges were made from Bakelite. Soldiers did not like these and would discard them if they could find a better quality pre-war example. These have now become rare and valuable for the following reasons: Limited number made Badges discarded by the owners reduces the amount in circulation Collectors' interest in insignia specific to WW1 and WW2 Embroidery and Weaving Embroiderers take a piece of cloth and stitch a design onto it. This can either be done by hand or by machine. We abbreviate this on our catalogues to 'Embr'. Our abbreviation 'Embr' generally refers to normal silk, cotton or poly-cotton embroidery, as opposed to embroidery using Bullion or Lurex.
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Many throughout the 13 colonies viewed this act as the most egregious of the Intolerable Acts and feared the British might impose similar laws on each of the rest of the colonies. Tensions heightened when Lt. Thomas Gage, the commander in chief of British forces in North America and royal governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, invoked the new law in October and dissolved the provincial assembly.
In response, colonists formed their own alternative government — the Massachusetts Provincial Congress, which controlled the entire colony outside of Boston — and prepared for a possible military confrontation with the forces that occupied the capital. Meeting of colonists protesting British treatment before the American Revolution.
Prior to amalgamation Highland regiments wore it with the kilt and sporran while Lowland regiments wore trews.
A significant 44 per cent of respondents believed sexual harassment was a problem in some parts of the Army. As of July , there were 15, women serving in the armed forces — roughly ten per cent of the total number of overall personnel. This latest survey said that they were more likely to suffer "unwanted, targeted sexualised behaviours" than male colleagues, especially among lower ranks. Junior soldiers were four times more likely than senior officers to experience sexual harassment.
It recommended better training for senior personnel and more transparency around the complaints procedure. Research conducted last year by the charity Business in the Community found that a quarter 23 per cent of women in the armed forces had experienced sexual harassment in the workplace in the preceding three years.
THE U.S. ARMY
Other rank's British Army No. It is also regularly required to be worn by a short list of other units, senior staff officers , and officers appointed as aides to the Royal Family  and to the personal staff of senior officers in command. The order is not generally issued to all units, with the khaki No. The origins of No 1 Dress can be traced back to various "undress", "patrol" or "frock" uniforms worn for semi-formal or ordinary duty occasions in the late 19th century. In its present form it dates from an order of dress issued at the time of the Coronation, intended as a cheaper alternative to the full dress uniforms that had been generally withdrawn after In a trial issue of what was now termed No 1 Dress was made with regimental distinctions as detailed below.
Army troops formed a significant portion of the forces that captured North Africa and Sicily.
But for the most part, the foreign-born soldiers were scattered as individuals throughout units. For comparison, the Confederate Army was not very diverse: Some Confederate propaganda condemned foreign-born soldiers in the Union Army, likening them to the hated Hessians of the American Revolution. Army administration and issues[ edit ] Various organizational and administrative issues arose during the war, which had a major effect on subsequent military procedures.
Eventually, it was realized, especially after the valiant effort of the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry in the Battle of Fort Wagner , that blacks were fully able to serve as competent and reliable soldiers. This was partly due to the efforts of Robert Smalls , who, while still a slave, won fame by defecting from the Confederacy, and bringing a Confederate transport ship which he was piloting.
He later met with Edwin Stanton , Secretary of War, to argue for including blacks in combat units.
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Army Medical Department personnel. On file in the Military History Institute as of Dated March 27, Army Total Personnel Command to address effect of downsizing on U. Army General Officers, Alphabetical by Grade,
It may include map references, individual's names usually officers only , awards of gallantry medals and casualty reports.
Since partition, Irish citizens have had the right to join the Army and they made up 4 per cent of recruitment in , the year after troops withdrew. But the latest figures show that, since April, 16 per cent of all those enlisting in Northern Ireland are from the Irish Republic, up from But events like Blood Sunday when 13 innocent civilians were shot dead during an illegal civil rights march in Londonderry have stirred up hatred for the British uniform and deterred many from joining up.
Now in a dramatic indication of the changing relations between the two islands following the peace process, army recruitment figures show 16 per cent of all those enlisting in Northern Ireland since April were from south of the border. That figure is up from Last week six men who signed up in Enniskillen came from as far afield as Cork, Limerick and Dublin, to take an oath of allegiance to the Queen.
We are now seeing Irish people commemorating the Battle of the Somme again. After three years in the Irish Defence Forces, he wants to become a sniper and is being assigned to the Royal Irish Regiment. Joining is an advantage as there is more I can do with the British Army. New recruit Anthony Kerins, from Dublin, said he wanted to follow in the footsteps of his great uncle who was in the British Army.
I then rang Enniskillen and they sent out the application forms straight away. Overall, there has been an But the latest figures show that the UK Armed Forces is only at
For the English commoners Christmas was a time for drinking and merry making. Referred to as 'gambols', fun activities included kissing under the mistletoe, storytelling, practical jokes, and games like Snap Dragon1. Singing and playing music for gifts by poor musicians called Waits on Christmas Eve was also common.
Thomas Gage, the commander in chief of British forces in North America and royal governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, invoked the new law in October and dissolved the provincial assembly.
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United States Army
Storming of Redoubt 10 during the Siege of Yorktown The Continental Army was created on 14 June by the Continental Congress as a unified army for the colonies to fight Great Britain, with George Washington appointed as its commander. As the Revolutionary War progressed, French aid, resources, and military thinking influenced the new army. A number of European soldiers came on their own to help, such as Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben , who taught the army Prussian tactics and organizational skills.
The army fought numerous pitched battles and in the South —81 sometimes used the Fabian strategy and hit-and-run tactics , hitting where the enemy was weakest, to wear down the British forces. Washington led victories against the British at Trenton and Princeton , but lost a series of battles around New York City in and Philadelphia in With a decisive victory at Yorktown , and the help of the French, the Continental Army prevailed against the British.
And a pisspoor job at that, it seems!
Indo-Pakistani War of and Kashmir conflict Immediately after independence, tensions between India and Pakistan began to boil over, and the first of three full-scale wars between the two nations broke out over the then princely state of Kashmir. The Maharaja of Kashmir wanted to have a standstill position. He signed the Instrument of Accession to India on 26 October Indian troops were airlifted to Srinagar from 27 October dawn onwards.
An intense war was waged across the state and former comrades found themselves fighting each other. Pakistan suffered significant losses. A number of UN resolutions 38—47 were passed calling for a plebiscite to be held in Kashmir to determine accession to India or Pakistan only after Pakistan withdrew its army from Kashmir. Pakistan would withdraw all tribesmen and Pakistani nationals brought in to fight in Kashmir.
With Pakistan refusing to pull back there could be no further dialogue on fulfilling the UN resolution. Chaudhuri at Secunderabad Main article: Operation Polo After the partition of India, the State of Hyderabad , a princely state under the rule of a Nizam , chose to remain independent. The Nizam , refused to accede his state to the Union of India. The following stand-off between the Government of India and the Nizam ended on 12 September when India's then deputy Prime Minister Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel ordered Indian troops to secure the state.
Five Indian Army infantry battalions and one armoured squadron were engaged in the operation.